how a solar panel works

All About How A Solar Panel Works

As per the reports from the International Energy Agency, the growth of solar energy has surpassed the presence and growth of all the natural fuels present on earth. Apart from providing the daylight that we need on earth the sun’s energy is capable of doing a lot more things. So, it is now upon us to harness and utilize the sun’s abundant energy in the right way and not let it go in waste. The sun’s rays have so many photons in them that 1 hour of these rays are more than enough to satisfy the energy requirements of the whole world for one whole year.

With the rapid depletion of the natural resources, there is an urgent requirement for saving them by finding effective alternatives that will not just help in conserving the resources but will also reduce the environmental pollution. What better choice than to put the free solar energy to use! The solar energy through the solar panels can be used for generating power and electricity that can meet the electricity requirements of your home, commercial outlets, industries, companies, etc. Here in this blog, we will know how a solar panel works to generate power that you can use for your needs.

A typical solar panel goes through 4 important steps before the final electricity is generated that can be used for your requirements. They are as follows –

1. The Sun’s Rays – The sun’s rays are made up of photons which travel from the sun to the earth’s surface at a fast pace of approximately 93 million miles in just 8 and half minutes. These photons get absorbed by the photovoltaic modules of the solar panels that are installed on your rooftop or that have been mounted on the ground.

2. Photovoltaic Effect – When the sun’s rays strike the solar panel, the positively charged photons from the sun’s rays activate the negatively charged electrons of the semiconductor (silicon or silver). Upon activation, a reaction occurs in between these oppositely charged matter and an electric field is generated which is called the Photovoltaic Effect.

3. Current Inversion – The electric field that is generated is direct current (DC) which cannot be used. So, this DC is passed through an inverter which converts it into the AC form. The AC is the usable form of the generated electricity which is used to meet the electricity requirements.

4. Power Your Property – The converted AC travels through the wires and cables and is used to run the electrical, electronics, appliances, machinery, equipment, etc., at home, at agricultural farms, at commercial outlets, at industries, companies, etc.

The electricity that is being used to meet all the power requirements is recorded by a net meter which keeps a record of all the stats regarding the amount of current generated, amount of current consumed, net credits that can be used when the daylight is not available, etc.

Since the solar-generated electricity is used for most of the power requirements, there will be a considerable decrease in the electricity bill amounts. Also, it has been observed that the properties that come with installed solar panels have a higher selling rate and a better ROI. At FutureSolarUSA, we aim to encourage people to go solar so as to save the finances and the environment. Why wait till all our natural resources are burned out when we can opt for a better option now? If you decide to put a step ahead to go green, let us know and we will be by your side to provide efficient solar services and products which will make you feel proud of your decision.