A patient presents with severe anal pain, lasting hours after each bowel movement. She notices some intermittent bleeding with defecation. She comes to the office with the presumed diagnosis of hemorrhoids. Are her symptoms consistent with hemorrhoidal disease, or does she have another disorder? Benign anorectal disorders are common and increasing in incidence. The decreasing intake in dietary fiber over the 20th century and into the 21st has contributed to a steady rise in preventable anorectal disorders.
Skip to Content. This is called the stage. In addition, you can read about how doctors evaluate and compare cancer cells to healthy cells, called grading. Use the menu to see other pages. Staging is a way of describing where the cancer is located, if or where it has spread, and whether it is affecting other parts of the body.
Surgical or pathological staging if surgery has been performed is done by examining tissue. The TNM staging system examines three key factors to determine the stage of cancer:. A number or the letter X is assigned to each factor. A higher number indicates increasing severity.
After someone is diagnosed with anal cancer, doctors will try to figure out if it has spread, and if so, how far. This process is called staging. The stage of a cancer describes how much cancer is in the body. It helps determine how serious the cancer is and how best to treat it.